What does Desolation Row mean?

Search Login

Bob Dylan: Desolation Row Meaning

Tagged:

No tags, suggest one.

Covered By: My Chemical Romance (2009)


Desolation Row Lyrics

They're selling postcards of the hanging

They're painting the passports brown

The beauty parlor is filled with sailors

The circus is in town

Here comes the blind commissioner

They've got him in a trance

One hand is tied to the...

  1.  

    Qweed
    click a star to vote
    Mar 3rd, 3:12am report


    Desolation Row is a song about the inhumanity mankind. The whimsical lines allow for many interpretations, but I see threads of continuity.

    The first verse is the most difficult to understand because many people are unaware of the incident to which it refers. It is about the 1920 lynching of three negroes in Duluth, witnessed by 8 year old Abram Zimmerman, Bob Dylan’s father. A brief accounting can be found at mnhs.org/duluthlynchings. My line by line interpretation follows.

    “They're selling postcards of the hanging”
    This lynching was notorious for the sale of picture postcards memorializing the misdeed.

    “they’re painting the passports brown”
    U.S Steel, the largest employer in the region had fostered racial strife by actively recruiting black laborers from southern states to replace higher paid white union workers.

    “The beauty parlor is filled with sailors”
    When World War I began many of Duluth’s young men enlisted in the Navy. After the war ended they returned home as war heroes but after a few years their status faded. By 1920 many had been displaced by blacks and there were a lot of unemployed sailors complaining about their situation.

    “the circus is in town”
    The John Robinson Circus, a traveling circus with several black employees had arrived in Duluth.

    “Here comes the blind commissioner, they've got him in a trance
    One hand is tied to the tight-rope walker, the other is in his pants
    And the riot squad they're restless, they need somewhere to go”
    This refers to William Murian, the Commissioner of Public Safety in charge of the police and other city departments. When the lynch mob began to grow he ordered the police not to use they’re weapons to defend the accused prisoners and rejected using nearby military troops to quell the riot. Although responsible for public safety, his position was elective and he didn’t want to jeopardize his re-election.

    In the second verse, Cinderella is Joseph Stalin and Romeo is Adolph Hitler. Hitler considered the USSR an easy target and both men were ruthless tyrants. The reference to Bette Davis style, an actress that usually played an evil person, further strengthens this point. Romeo and Cinderella agreed to invade Poland starting World War II. Romeo then invaded the USSR thinking it could be easily conquered. At the conclusion of World War II Romero was gone but Cinderella remained in power.

    I believe the third verse refers to the cold war and MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction). At the time this song was written the future looked bleak. Bomb shelters were popular and there were frequent civil defense drills. Abel, Cain, and the hunchback of Notre Dame probably refer to the leaders of the three nuclear powers, Lyndon Johnson (USA), Nikita Khrushecv (USSR), and Mao Zedong (Red China). Everyone is hoping MAD will keep the peace but know the threat of nuclear Armageddon is real. I am unsure whom the Good Samaritan refers to.

    The fourth verse is about nuclear missiles. Ophelia, an insane suicidal character, is an ICBM. She’s kept in missile silos, out of sight but greatly feared. In 1965 nuclear weapon development was only 22 years old but these weapons were considered unusable. Ophelia’s mysticism is her awesome ability for death and mass destruction. This is her job but is also why she cannot be used. She keeps the peace (Noah’s rainbow) out of fear but could still be unleashed by a madman, destroying all life on earth.

    The fifth verse is about the developers of nuclear weapons. Einstein is most likely Albert Einstein. Although his scientific research was admirable with no hostile intent, the knowledge obtained was used to create nuclear weapons. I believe the jealous monk is Robert Oppenheimer, referring to his association of the first nuclear explosion with a verse from the Bhagavad Gita. Additional clues supporting Einstein as representing himself are his disheveled appearance, reciting the alphabet (his energy formula which is the basis for a nuclear explosion), and the fact he was a pipe smoker that loved playing the violin.

    The sixth verse is about Auschwitz, the Nazi death camp. Dr. Filth is Josef Mengele, the sadistic doctor that performed heinous human experiments and selected the victims for the cyanide gas chambers. He is known for making leather articles using human skin. His nurse represents the local collaborators and/or the Sonderkommandos. The penny whistles refer to the railway whistles announcing the arrival of another trainload of victims.

    The seventh verse is about the Holodomor and other famines resulting from the Soviet Union’s collective farming program. Behind the iron curtain the Soviet leaders (Phantom of the Opera) mask their goal to increase grain production for export using the forced labor of the peasants (Casanova). To accomplish this they use propaganda to convince Casanova he is the beneficiary of their plan. Instead of growing his own food, his crops are taken by the Phantom for redistribution. When the Phantom’s quotas are not met Casanova is blamed for the shortfall leaving him and his children to starve to death.

    The eighth verse is about the establishment forces that keep the status quo. Politicians employ government agencies and secret police to maintain their power. Corporate officials maintain their profitable positions by setting high quotas, keeping their minions working overtime in stressful but unfulfilling jobs. By keeping the masses busy no one has time to challenge the status quo.

    The ninth verse is a summary of the current state of affairs (in 1965). World leaders are fiddling around ignoring the impending doom. It really doesn’t matter which side of the conflict you support or what your idealistic views are if everyone is destroyed in the upcoming battle. The black calypso singers have always been oppressed and don’t see they have much to lose. The religious (fishermen) pray for peace but accomplish nothing. The entire earth is endangered, not just one or two continents. Even the most beautiful and tranquil areas will be destroyed.

    In the last verse Bob speaks for himself. Nuclear Armageddon almost became a reality via the Cuban missile crisis (when the doorknob broke). He is dismayed that anyone can ignore the dire fate of mankind. He also provides clues about the meaning of this song, acknowledging playful terms were used to mask the appalling events the song describes.

    This song requires a lot of thought and research to decipher its message. That is what makes it such a masterpiece!



  2.  

    Qweed
    click a star to vote
    Feb 28th, 2:11pm report


    Desolation Row is a song about man's inhumanity. The whimsical lines allow for many interpretations, but I see threads of continuity.

    The first verse is the most difficult to understand because many people are unaware of the incident to which it refers. It is about the 1920 lynching of three negroes in Duluth witnessed by 8 year old Abram Zimmerman, Bob Dylan’s father. A brief accounting can be found at mnhs.org/duluthlynchings. My line by line interpretation follows.

    “They're selling postcards of the hanging”
    This lynching was notorious for the sale of picture postcards memorializing the misdeed.

    “they’re painting the passports brown”
    U.S Steel, the largest employer in the region had fostered racial strife by actively recruiting black laborers from southern states to replace higher paid white union workers.

    “The beauty parlor is filled with sailors”
    When World War I began many of Duluth’s young men enlisted in the Navy. After the war ended they returned home as war heroes but after a few years their status faded. By 1920 many had been displaced by blacks and there were a lot of unemployed sailors complaining about their situation.

    “the circus is in town”
    The John Robinson Circus, a traveling circus with several black employees had arrived in Duluth.

    “Here comes the blind commissioner, they've got him in a trance
    One hand is tied to the tight-rope walker, the other is in his pants
    And the riot squad they're restless, they need somewhere to go”
    This refers to William Murian, the Commissioner of Public Safety in charge of the police and other city departments. When the lynch mob began to grow he ordered the police not to use they’re weapons to defend the accused prisoners and rejected using nearby military troops to quell the riot. Although responsible for public safety, his position was elective and he didn’t want to jeopardize his re-election.

    In the second verse, Cinderella is Joseph Stalin and Romeo is Adolph Hitler. Hitler considered the USSR an easy target and both men were ruthless tyrants. The reference to Bette Davis, an actress that usually played an evil person, further strengthens this point. Romeo and Cinderella agreed to invade Poland starting World War II. Romeo then invaded the USSR thinking it could be easily conquered. At the conclusion of World War II Romero was gone but Cinderella remained in power.

    I believe the third verse refers to the cold war and MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction). At the time this song was written the future looked bleak. Bomb shelters were popular and there were frequent civil defense drills. Abel, Cain, and the hunchback of Notre Dame probably refer to the leaders of the three nuclear powers, Lyndon Johnson (USA), Nikita Khrushecv (USSR), and Mao Zedong (Red China). Everyone is hoping MAD will keep the peace but know the threat of nuclear Armageddon is real. I am unsure whom the Good Samaritan refers to.

    The fourth verse is about nuclear missiles. Ophelia, an insane suicidal character, is an ICBM. She’s kept in missile silos, out of sight but greatly feared. In 1965 nuclear weapon development was only 22 years old but these weapons were considered unusable. Ophelia’s mysticism is her awesome ability for death and mass destruction. This is her job but is also why she cannot be used. She keeps the peace (Noah’s rainbow) out of fear but could still be unleashed by a madman, destroying all life on earth.

    The fifth verse is about the developers of nuclear weapons. Einstein is most likely Albert Einstein. Although his scientific research was admirable with no hostile intent, the knowledge obtained was used to create nuclear weapons. I believe the jealous monk is Robert Oppenheimer, referring to his association of the first nuclear explosion with a verse from the Bhagavad Gita. Additional clues supporting Einstein as representing himself are his disheveled appearance, reciting the alphabet (his energy formula which is the basis for a nuclear explosion), and the fact he was a pipe smoker that loved playing the violin.

    The sixth verse is about Auschwitz, the Nazi death camp. Dr. Filth is Josef Mengele, the sadistic doctor that performed heinous human experiments and selected the victims for the cyanide gas chambers. He is known for making leather articles using human skin. His nurse represents the local collaborators and/or the Sonderkommandos. The penny whistles refer to the railway whistles announcing the arrival of another trainload of victims.

    The seventh verse is about the Holodomor and other famines resulting from the Soviet Union’s collective farming program. Behind the iron curtain the Soviet leaders (Phantom of the Opera) mask their goal to increase grain production for export using the forced labor of the peasants (Casanova). To accomplish this they use propaganda to convince Casanova he is the beneficiary of their plan. Instead of growing his own food, his crops are taken by the Phantom for redistribution. When the Phantom’s quotas are not met Casanova is blamed for the shortfall leaving him and his children to starve to death.

    The eighth verse is about the establishment forces that keep the status quo. Politicians employ government agencies and secret police to maintain their power. Corporate officials maintain their profitable positions by setting high quotas, keeping their minions working overtime in stressful but unfulfilling jobs. By keeping the masses busy no one has time to challenge the status quo.

    The ninth verse is a summary of the current state of affairs. World leaders are fiddling around ignoring the impending doom. It really doesn’t matter which side of the conflict you support or what your idealistic views are if everyone is destroyed in the upcoming battle. The black calypso singers have always been oppressed and don’t see they have much to lose. The religious (fishermen) pray for peace but accomplish nothing. The entire earth is endangered, not just one or two continents. Even the most beautiful and tranquil areas will be destroyed.

    In the last verse Bob speaks for himself. Nuclear Armageddon almost became a reality via the Cuban missile crisis (when the doorknob broke). He is dismayed that anyone can ignore the dire fate of mankind. He also provides clues about the meaning of this song, acknowledging playful terms were used to mask the appalling events the song describes.

    This song requires a lot of thought and research to decipher its message. That is what makes it such a masterpiece!



  3.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Apr 12th, 2016 4:31am report


    The first thing you need to know about this song is that you are not going to "figure it out". It raises several questions to the careful listener, and none have pat answers. Can you relate to what happens to Cinderella or Romeo? Have you been in the wrong places my friend? Or are you more likely to tell someone that and or do something about it? You can only have your view of matters.
    To me, desolation row represents a place that those with questions go to seek understanding and a place that those Babbitts without these questions fear. The power structure realizes what desolation row is and wants to keep people from going there (check to see that no one is escaping to), since that is the location from which the morally bankrupt are overthrown. It is the place where all is stripped bare except the self. It is where the singer, and one can only assume the addressee of the song are at. "Not unless you mail them from desolation row" is a challenge to respond with substance and meaning, not the hackneyed drivel that the characters in the song so often represent. My view is that Einstein represents science and the atomic era and the monk the waning power of religion in the face of scientific advance (hence he is "jealous" of Einstein). Of course science is only going to blow us up - it is not Robin Hood, the answer to our ills and questions, but is immaculately (religious comparison) frightful.
    IF you work hard at the verses you can probably find some similar explanations, Cinderella (the woman who is "liberated" = in the original story so I suppose she represents the emerging modern woman ) has now become "easy" but really you are just the same. romeo (why must it always be the wrong man) doesn't get it that Cinderella belongs to no one and is willing to "fight for her" or course he is really only fighting for himself and it seems he loses. It is unclear what happens, but it is clear that Cinderella gets to clean up the mess (which is what she was an expert at in the original story anyway). Her consolation is that she is now more self aware (on desolation row).



  4.  

    m320753
    click a star to vote
    Jun 4th, 2013 6:22am report


    it amazes me that each new post about this song brings forth something I and many others never gave a 2nd thought to. this site just gets deeper and deeper into an all time great set of lyrics. i suppose an interpretation does depend what mood the listener is in when they hear it! what was a collection of funny phrases in '65 when i first heard the song, seems to have changed into an 11 minute scolding of society's useless standards. or maybe i'm just hearing it differently as i have aged



  5.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Jun 3rd, 2013 6:15pm report


    Of course the first verse is about a hanging of black circus performers in Duluth MN



  6.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Mar 26th, 2013 3:51pm report


    That's a good observation (message just prior to this one) about how he seems to be pointing out how messed up everything in the world is. I think Everything is Broken could indeed be an extention to that notion.

    A couple of things stand out in my mind which do a good job of supporting this notion (in DR, that is)...

    At one point, Dylan seems to go off on a tangent/rant about how corrupt and crooked Insurance companies are. I think most people would tend to agree that these said companies can really go a long way in making people have to do a double-take and scratch their heads, while not having any clue at all as to how they've managed to rake us all (collectively) over the coals, so to speak.

    And let's not forget the line about what could possibly be considered the most interesting oddity of the entire 11 minute song...the line about Titanic sailing at dawn.

    The notion about 'Everything being Broken' really stands out, perhaps more so with this line than maybe any other in the song.

    But the whole entire song is still a masterpiece, nonetheless...and will continue to force me to rack my brain trying to figure it all out, I'm sure.



  7.  

    m320753
    click a star to vote
    Mar 25th, 2013 3:55am report


    i.m almost positive the subject at the end of the song is Carla. she hated Bob and the feeling was mutual. the more i listen or think about D.R. the more interpretations i feel. right now a thought entered my brain, that the song was about how screwed up the world was then, how everything was out of place and people were not what we thought they were! "Everything is Broken" could be a hint at what D.R. was about, but written so we could understand what exactly it was he tried to put forth in D.R., which is probably his deepest and most mysterious song. it was like he wrote " Rolling Stone" and dared us to find the meaning. then told us if you think you figured that out, try this one



  8.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Mar 24th, 2013 3:42am report


    Considering all of these possible interpretations about DR, it also gets me to wondering who the chief target character was that he was thinking of he penned the words to, 'Like A Rolling Stone'...

    Could it have been Carla (Rotolo's) sister, possibly? Or perhaps it might have more correctly been a "High Society" person such as Jackie O'Nassis, or Marilyn Monroe, or someone like that.



  9.  

    m320753
    click a star to vote
    Mar 24th, 2013 3:48am report


    right now i can't see too good
    don't send me no more letters,no
    not unless you mail them from Desolation Row is Dylan's reply to Jackie Kennedy's letter to various poets? why would she write Dylan anyway? she was in high society and more likely to send letters to Robert frost and others that appealed to her level of what the "Arts" were. i know the kinds of concerts she went to, Leonard Bernstein, operas and classical music were her idea of a fun night out. i just can't see her smoking a joint with her cigarette lighter lit, rocking side to side while Dylan is singing " Visions of Johanna'. but you might be right as only Dylan knows why he wrote that song



  10.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Mar 23rd, 2013 3:49pm report


    I heard an interview with a professor on NPR some years ago -- don't remember his name. He said a year after the JFK assassination, Jackie sent letters to lots of poets, asking them to write a poem in commemoration of the slain president. The last verse is about that letter.



  11.  

    m320753
    click a star to vote
    Dec 13th, 2012 12:46pm report


    suze is the girl on the cover of "Freewheeling Bob Dylan" she was living with bob, or bob was living with her; depending what month i might be. suze was the girl in "Boots of Spanish Leather" who was taken to Spain by her family to let her forget about dylan, whom they felt was a leech, as her family was quite wealthy a lot of his songs written about that time had her as the female character of the tune. carla was suze's sister who hated bob and his dealing with her is told in Ballad in plain D i believe. anyway by time he wrote desolation row he was far more wealthier than the Rotello family. which was suze's last name. she died this summer and her death was noted in many media sources as the girl on the cover of the album"Freewheeling" taken on Jones Street in the west village. there was a rumor going around that the first 500 or so covers had shown dylan's fly was open and Colunbia records tried to get back as many as they could but some are out there! if the lucky New Yorker realized what he had and didn't toss the cover when it got worn he/she is sitting on a gold mine. true or not?



  12.  

    m320753
    click a star to vote
    Dec 4th, 2012 12:28am report


    desolation, is very close to desperation in the dictionary, but miles apart in meaning. both terms can cross poverty levels. the poor are more desperate in their search for honest good paying jobs, to make a better life for themselves and family, than they are desolate, which is another word for lost, or given up
    many more wealthy people are desolate rather than desperate. as Dylan points out, in my mind at least, that the people wandering around are desolate as they have no lives and are alone so they take on different personas to get through the day. their fame and fortune have prevented them from having a normal life even with all the money the possess a poor person is desperate that the next job interview will offer them a chance to improve their state in life, by hard honest work and make life better for their families. if given the choice i would rather be desperate than desolate. but that's only my 10th different interpretation of the song



  13.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Dec 2nd, 2012 12:42pm report


    desolation row,is where all the peasants live. like the average american worker.all these figures in this poem are displayed as they would be in our world of under 20,000 a year.a really entertaining piece of poetic mastery.really this is a masterpiece.for those who have the intelligence to understand it.cinderella she seems so easy.how many ways can you interpret that? is she sexually easy,is she easy going,is she easy to understand.thats what makes this such a great piece.you can think it over and over and always amuse yourself with the different meanings.like an awful lot of mr.dylans work.



  14.  

    m320753
    click a star to vote
    Nov 26th, 2012 11:45pm report


    every comment here has merit! personally i believe "positively 4th street" sums up his feelings about the change he nade by going electric. desolation row is the type of song 100,000 people can study and come up with 100,000 different views on it's meaning, i think every line and verse is different than the one before it but when joined together make one fantastic tune! i elieve the "bard" was just having a bit of fun with us , while not knowing himself what the true reason he wrote it was. besides, i don't believe he thought this song would have an avid effect on dylan freaks almost 53 years after it was written. but that's just bob, and that's what makes him so unique! the person who wrote that einstein and the monk might be simon & garfinkal might not be off the mark, as the duo did diss bob in a song that ended with" i can't find my harmonica albert"



  15.  

    anonymous
    click a star to vote
    Nov 23rd, 2012 11:19pm report


    Another thought to consider to add to what I just said (above):

    Einstein disguised as Robin Hood....with his friend a jealous Monk (does this sound like a reference to Simon and Garfunkel)?

    Simon and Garfunkel had been a part of the Folk scene around the early-to-mid '60s, but would eventually experience somewhat of a shift over to the other (electric) side, by way of their single The Sounds of Silence being made from a primarily accoustic version to an electric-sounding song

    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_%26_Garfunkel)

    Which might have something to do with the line: "...was famous long ago, for playing the 'lectric (electric) violin on Desolation Row."

    I don't know...I might really be reaching here, but it is fun to try and see what we can come up with, with stuff like this.



‹ prev 12



More Bob Dylan song meanings »


 


Submit Your Interpretation

[ want a different song? ]






Just Posted

Hallelujah anonymous
Little Things anonymous
Love Me Like You Do anonymous
Monster anonymous
Johnny Boy anonymous
Everything You Want anonymous
Banana Pancakes anonymous
It's All Understood anonymous
Can't Fight This Feeling anonymous
Chandelier anonymous
Mercy anonymous
Run Through The Jungle anonymous
Have You Ever Seen the Rain? anonymous
Every Breath You Take anonymous
Mrs All American anonymous

Get a weekly email update

(We won't give out your email)

Latest Releases

Rise Up
Imagine Dragons
Faking It
Calvin Harris
Cash Out
Calvin Harris
New York
St. Vincent
Signs Of Life
Arcade Fire
Two High
Moon Taxi
Super Far
LANY
Waitin On You
Lindsay Ell